November 27, 2023


In recent years, Shein, the Chinese fast fashion giant, has rapidly expanded its presence in Europe, prompting concerns among French activists and political organization Place Publique. Led by Place Publique, these activists have raised serious apprehensions about Shein’s environmental impact and ethical practices. In a letter addressed to Bruno Le Maire, the French Minister of the Economy, they emphasized the detrimental consequences of Shein’s overconsumption model, the contamination caused by microplastic fibers from synthetic clothing, and alleged violations of human rights. Urging for immediate legislative and regulatory measures, the activists aim to curtail the negative repercussions associated with Shein’s operations.

The Environmental Impact of Shein:

Shein’s business model, which offers inexpensive clothing such as €2 t-shirts and €9 dresses, fosters overconsumption and a throwaway culture. The synthetic materials used in their products contribute to the release of microplastic fibers into the environment. These tiny particles make their way into the oceans, leading to significant contamination. Place Publique warns that if the current trend continues, the fashion industry’s carbon footprint, already responsible for 2 percent of global greenhouse gas emissions, could skyrocket to 26 percent by 2050. It is evident that Shein’s rapid expansion exacerbates the environmental crisis and necessitates immediate action.

Human Rights Violations and False Claims:

The activists have also shed light on Shein’s alleged involvement in human rights violations and exploitative working conditions. Reports suggest that the company utilizes cotton harvested by Uyghur slaves, raising serious ethical concerns. Furthermore, Shein’s website has been accused of making false claims, and there are allegations of attempted influencer manipulation. These practices not only deceive consumers but also contribute to an atmosphere of unethical business conduct.

The Call for Legislative and Regulatory Measures:

To address these issues, Place Publique urges the French government to take immediate action. They propose legislative and regulatory measures to regulate advertising and marketing strategies that promote overconsumption. The activists suggest that websites of brands releasing 1000 or more new items per day, such as Shein’s reported 8000 daily releases, should be delisted or blocked. By implementing such measures, the aim is to curb the negative impacts of fast fashion and hold companies accountable for their environmental and social responsibilities.

Shein’s Expansion in Europe:

Shein has been actively targeting Europe since last summer, and its recent opening of the European headquarters in Dublin exemplifies its commitment to the region. The company has also introduced a global integrated marketplace, encompassing local businesses, international third-party sellers, and Shein-branded apparel suppliers. Currently operational in Brazil and the US, the Shein Marketplace is poised to expand into other markets, including European countries.


The concerns raised by French activists, led by Place Publique, regarding Shein’s environmental impact and ethical practices warrant immediate attention. With the fashion industry’s substantial carbon footprint and the growing problem of microplastic pollution, legislative and regulatory measures are essential to curbing the negative effects of fast fashion. Furthermore, addressing alleged human rights violations and false claims is crucial for maintaining ethical business standards. It is imperative for governments and consumers alike to take a stand against unsustainable practices and promote a more sustainable and socially responsible fashion industry.



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