December 5, 2023


Artificial intelligence (AI) has become a transformative technology, but as its capabilities advance, concerns about potential risks and discrimination have come to the forefront. Margrethe Vestager, the EU’s competition chief, has emphasized the need for “guardrails” to counteract the risks associated with AI. In a recent interview with the BBC, Vestager highlighted the pressing concern of discrimination and bias that can arise from AI systems, particularly when they influence crucial decisions like mortgage applications. In this blog post, we will delve into the implications of AI, the importance of addressing discrimination, and the need for international collaboration to regulate this rapidly evolving technology.

The Challenge of Discrimination in AI:

While some experts have raised concerns about the existential risks of AI, Vestager argues that the likelihood of human extinction is small compared to the risks of discrimination and bias perpetuated by AI systems. As AI algorithms learn from vast amounts of data, they can inadvertently amplify existing biases, leading to discrimination based on factors like gender, race, or location. This becomes especially critical when AI is employed by banks, social services, or other institutions that affect people’s lives and livelihoods.

Guardrails and Regulation:

To address the risks associated with AI, Vestager emphasizes the need for guardrails or regulations that prioritize fairness and prevent discrimination. The European Parliament is set to vote on the proposed AI Act, which aims to establish rules for AI systems and categorize their applications based on the level of risk they pose to consumers. The act focuses on strict controls for high-risk AI systems used in areas such as credit scoring, loan evaluations, and housing access.

Global Collaboration:

Recognizing the global nature of AI, Vestager highlights the importance of a collaborative approach to regulation. She suggests working towards a United Nations (UN) framework and consensus among like-minded countries before involving other jurisdictions like China. While a UN approach may take time, Vestager emphasizes the need to take action and establish common guardrails to mitigate risks associated with AI.

Pragmatism and Continuous Improvement:

As AI technology rapidly evolves, Vestager acknowledges the need for pragmatism in fine-tuning regulations. It is better to implement rules that address 80% of the concerns now rather than waiting indefinitely for a perfect solution. By taking action and learning from experiences, policymakers can make adjustments and improvements over time, ensuring the responsible development and use of AI.

Challenges Ahead:

Vestager points out the risk of AI being exploited to manipulate elections, requiring law enforcement and intelligence agencies to stay vigilant. The potential of AI to scan social media feeds and create comprehensive profiles raises concerns about manipulation and erosion of trust within society. Striking a balance between security measures and protecting individual rights remains a critical challenge.


As AI becomes increasingly integrated into our lives, addressing the risks of discrimination and bias becomes paramount. Margrethe Vestager’s concerns highlight the need for guardrails and regulations to ensure fair and unbiased AI systems. By prioritizing collaboration, international consensus, and continuous improvement, policymakers can work towards responsible AI development. With the proposed AI Act and ongoing discussions, the EU aims to establish a pioneering rulebook for AI, setting an example for the global community. As we navigate the AI revolution, it is crucial to safeguard against discrimination and biases, ensuring that technology serves humanity’s best interests while preserving trust and fairness.

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