December 5, 2023


A recent survey conducted by PwC, CoinShares, and the Alternative Investment Management Association (AIMA) reveals that global hedge funds, excluding those specializing in crypto assets, have become increasingly cautious amidst recent industry turmoil. The study highlights a decline in the proportion of traditional hedge funds investing in crypto-assets, dropping from 37% in 2022 to 29% in the current year. Concerns over regulatory uncertainty in the United States and the impact of last year’s market events are cited as key factors contributing to the hedge funds’ reevaluation of the crypto asset class.

The Decline in Traditional Hedge Funds’ Crypto Investments:

The report highlights a significant decrease in the proportion of traditional hedge funds investing in crypto-assets, with the figure dropping from 37% in 2022 to 29% this year. This shift indicates growing skittishness among global hedge funds, with a quarter of current investors expressing potential reconsideration of the asset class due to increased uncertainty surrounding U.S. regulation.

Impact of Market Events on Hedge Fund Investment Decisions:

Last year’s market events, including bankruptcies at major crypto companies such as FTX, left many hedge funds with substantial losses. Over 70% of hedge funds surveyed reported that these events affected their investment decisions regarding crypto assets.

Regulatory Concerns and Reputational Risk:

The intensified actions of U.S. regulators against non-compliance in the crypto industry have fueled caution among investors. The report notes that the industry as a whole has faced scrutiny for inadequate risk management and allegations of corporate malfeasance. Additionally, traditional hedge funds cited reputational risk as one of the deterrents for investing in crypto assets.

Factors Discouraging Traditional Hedge Funds from Crypto Investments:

Hedge funds that have avoided trading in crypto-assets mentioned several factors deterring them, including the lack of clear guidance from regulators and tax authorities, reputational risks associated with the crypto industry, and unreliable data. These concerns have led to a cautious approach among hedge funds not yet involved in the crypto market, with more than half of respondents waiting for further regulatory updates before considering investments.

Preferred Crypto Assets and Investment Strategies:

Hedge funds invested in crypto-assets primarily focus on Bitcoin and Ethereum (Ether). Among the various hedge fund strategies, the most common ones investing in crypto assets are multi-strategy (41%), systematic (29%), macro (12%), and equity (12%).

Future Investment Outlook:

While approximately 50% of hedge funds currently trading in crypto express intentions to increase their investments, the report emphasizes that crypto assets still constitute a relatively small portion, accounting for only 2% of assets under management. The cautious approach of hedge funds underscores the need for more regulatory clarity and industry stability to instill confidence and encourage greater participation.


The survey findings highlight a decline in traditional hedge funds’ investments in crypto assets, primarily driven by increased uncertainty over U.S. regulation and the fallout from last year’s market events. Concerns surrounding reputational risks, regulatory guidance, and data reliability have deterred hedge funds from entering the crypto market. However, for those already involved, the intention to increase investments indicates a cautious yet growing interest. As the industry continues to grapple with challenges and addresses shortcomings in risk management and compliance, greater regulatory clarity and stability will be pivotal for wider adoption of crypto assets by traditional hedge funds.

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