November 27, 2023


The Ethereum decentralized finance (DeFi) space is currently experiencing a tumultuous period following a significant exploit on Curve Finance, a flagship decentralized exchange specializing in stablecoin swaps. This breach has had a domino effect on major DeFi coins, leading to deep red numbers for Compound, Aave, Curve, Frax, and Synthetix. The exploit, causing losses of approximately $100 million, has sparked fears of a broader Ethereum DeFi crash, raising concerns about the stability of the entire DeFi ecosystem. In this article, we delve into the details of the exploit, its impact on Curve Finance, and the potential ramifications for the wider DeFi landscape.

The Curve Finance Exploit:

The attackers capitalized on vulnerabilities in the Vyper smart contract software, resulting in substantial losses on Curve Finance. As a popular stablecoin decentralized exchange, Curve Finance’s losses have triggered aftershocks throughout the DeFi market, raising concerns about the security of other DeFi platforms.

Implications for Curve Finance and Founder Michael Egorov:

Post-incident, over $45 million has been drained from liquidity pools of third-party providers, with an additional $25 million directly siphoned from the Curve Protocol’s CRV/ETH pool. This liquidity crisis and the risk of further sell-offs due to the attackers’ holdings of millions of CRV tokens have caused significant anxiety within the market.

Curve Finance founder, Michael Egorov, has also been impacted by the exploit. His large positions backed by CRV have come under immense pressure, putting the platform’s stability at risk. Egorov’s substantial loans on Aave and Frax Finance, secured by CRV collateral, have made his positions vulnerable to liquidation if CRV’s price decreases significantly.

Potential Market-Wide Repercussions:

The threat of Egorov’s liquidation poses a severe risk to the wider DeFi market. If he gets liquidated by Fraxlend, all of his other debt positions will likely follow, leading to cascading effects on-chain and severely impacting CRV’s value.

Resilience of DeFi Operations:

Despite the chaos, the DeFi sector’s operations, governed strictly by code and math, remain unaffected. DeFi’s decentralized nature means there are no special rules or bailouts, creating a brutal free market governed solely by mathematical algorithms.

Hope for Recovery:

The DeFi sector might regain balance if liquidity recovers. The Curve team has reported that white-hat hackers possess several million US dollars, potentially aiding in the recovery of misappropriated assets. Additionally, some bots have intercepted a significant quantity of CRV tokens from the attackers.

[UPDATE] Egorov’s OTC Deal:

Egorov managed to pay off his debt with an OTC deal with a centralized exchange, leading to CRV’s price rebound. This development reduced the outstanding loan amount significantly.

[UPDATE #2] OTC Transactions:

According to Lookonchain, Egorov conducted OTC transactions with Justin Sun and other addresses at a price of $0.4 per CRV token. This has resulted in a slight recovery in the Curve (CRV) price.


The recent Curve Finance exploit has sent shockwaves through the Ethereum DeFi space, resulting in significant losses and fears of a wider DeFi crash. While the DeFi sector’s operations remain resilient, the potential market-wide repercussions and liquidity crises are concerning. However, the recovery of misappropriated assets and OTC deals with centralized exchanges offer a glimmer of hope for the sector’s potential balance restoration.

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