December 5, 2023


In a significant development, an American couple accused of laundering billions of dollars worth of Bitcoin stolen from the 2016 hacking of Bitfinex, a prominent virtual currency exchange, has entered into a plea agreement. Heather Morgan, known by her hip-hop alias “Razzlekhan” for promoting her music online, and her husband Ilya Lichtenstein were arrested earlier this year. They are set to appear for a plea hearing on August 3 before Senior Judge Colleen Kollar-Kotelly in Washington.

Laundered Bitcoin Exceeds $4.5 Billion:

The couple, both residents of New York, is facing charges for conspiring to launder the proceeds of a staggering 119,754 Bitcoin (BTC) that were stolen from Bitfinex in 2016. Following the hacking incident, the stolen Bitcoin was transferred to a digital wallet controlled by Lichtenstein. Over five years, around 25,000 of these stolen Bitcoin were moved out of Lichtenstein’s wallet through a complex money-laundering process, leading to the illegal funds being deposited into financial accounts under the couple’s control.

Successful Recovery by Law Enforcement:

In a dramatic turn of events, law enforcement was able to access files in an online account controlled by Lichtenstein, which contained the private keys needed to access the digital wallet that directly received the stolen Bitfinex funds. This enabled them to lawfully seize and recover more than 94,000 Bitcoin, valued at over $3.6 billion at the time of seizure. The recovery has dealt a significant blow to the couple’s illicit activities.

Sophisticated Laundering Techniques:

The criminal complaint reveals that Lichtenstein and Morgan employed various sophisticated techniques for laundering the stolen Bitcoin. These techniques included setting up online accounts using fictitious identities, automated transactions through computer programs, utilizing virtual currency exchanges and darknet markets to deposit the stolen funds, converting Bitcoin to other cryptocurrencies, and using U.S.-based business accounts to legitimize their banking activity.

Prosecutors Seek Asset Forfeiture:

With Bitcoin’s remarkable appreciation in value since the hack, the prosecutors are seeking to have the couple forfeit assets worth around $3 billion. This includes cash from bank accounts and tokens from crypto wallets. Additionally, the prosecutors aim to seize gold coins that were discovered in an undisclosed location in California.


The plea agreement made by the American couple involved in laundering stolen Bitcoin from the 2016 Bitfinex hack marks a significant step in addressing cryptocurrency-related criminal activities. With law enforcement’s success in recovering a substantial amount of stolen Bitcoin, the case serves as a powerful reminder that the virtual currency space is not immune to illicit actions. As the legal proceedings continue, the outcome of this case will undoubtedly have implications for the future of cryptocurrency regulation and security measures.

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